Your Sacroiliac Joints (SIJ) are a critical linkage system between your lower spine and pelvis. The sacrum (tailbone) connects on the right and left sides of the ilia (pelvic bones) to form your sacroiliac joints.
Your sacroiliac joints should be a fairly stiff or rigid link between the pelvic bones, and allow only a few degrees of movement. In some people due to trauma or just extra mobility, your sacroiliac joints have too much uncontrolled motion. This allows your sacroiliac joints to adopt an abnormal or stressed joint position, which may result in SIJ pain.
When your sacroiliac joints are not moving normally due to either stiffness or excessive movement, it is referred to as Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction, which normally results in sacroiliac pain.
Dysfunction in the sacroiliac joint, or SI joint, is thought to cause low back and/or leg pain. The leg pain can be particularly difficult, and may feel similar to sciatica or pain caused by a lumbar disc herniation.
For decades, the sacroiliac joint was suspected to be a common cause of low back and/or leg pain, although difficulty in proving it with standard diagnostic tests left many in the medical profession skeptical.
As a practising chiropractor for 30 years, I can tell you that some 60-70% of all lower back pain likely eminates from the SIJ and that chiropractic care helps restore movement and eliminate pain due to sacroiliac joint strain.
A new study confirms that chiropractic care is an effective, safe way to treat sacroiliac joint pain.
The sacroiliac joint, or SI joint, is located at the base of the spine where the sacrum and pelvis connect to one another. SI joint pain can have a number of causes. Leg length discrepancies, pain or altered function of the hip, leg, and knee, and pregnancy are all common causes of SI joint pain.In pregnancy, the body produces hormones that cause the ligaments to relax. This can allow excessive movement in the SI joint, causing the bones to rub against each other.
In this new study, researchers performed a single chiropractic session on 32 women with SI joint syndrome. The patients reported immediate relief and experienced significant reduction of pain after both 48 hours and one month after treatment.
This adds to research demonstrating that chiropractic is a powerful, drug-free way to treat musculoskeletal pain.
Kamali, Fahimeh and Esmaeil Shokri. The effect of two manipulative therapy techniques and their outcome in patients with sacroiliac joint syndrome. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2012;16:29-35.